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George Marston Correspondence Collection

 Collection
Identifier: PC-0017

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains correspondence between George Marston, a founding trustee of Pomona College, and Pomona College presidents, James Blaisdell (1910-1928), Charles Edmunds (1928-1941), and E. Wilson Lyon (1941-1969). The correspondence covers a wide range of topics including board of trustee meetings, fundraising, and campus planning projects. Also included in the collection are news clippings regarding George Marston’s death and correspondence between Anna Marston and E. Wilson Lyon.

Dates

  • 1910-1950

Creator

Language of Materials

Languages represented in collection: English.

Access

Collection open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to reproduce or to publish must be submitted in writing to the Archives.

Biography / Administrative History

Born in Wisconsin and educated at Beloit College and the University of Michigan, George White Marston had moved to San Diego, established a successful dry goods business, and become a respected member of that community when, in 1887, he became a founding trustee of Pomona College. The youngest member of the fledgling college’s board, he was to serve for a remarkable 59 years, 26 of those as president. His impact on Pomona was as lasting as it was long.

The College’s first decades were dominated by financial problems. In 1895, Marston was one of three board members called upon to help manage a budget crisis; his leadership and personal monetary contributions played a significant role in minimizing its impact and that of others that followed during the period E. Wilson Lyon, sixth president and historian of the College, termed “the years of crisis.”

Marston had an abiding interest in landscape architecture, and maintained a large garden at his home in San Diego; many of his gifts to the College involved improvements to the grounds. He was, for example, largely responsible for inspiring the 1905 acquisition of a 64-acre parcel of land to the east of the campus. Bringing in a NY landscape architect, he helped persuade fellow Trustee Nathan Blanchard to purchase the land as a gift to the College, which in turn pledged $2500 to develop a park and an annual amount for maintenance. Blanchard Park (“The Wash”) remains today one of the best-loved areas of campus. Three years later, when architect Myron Hunt’s 1908 campus plan was approved, it was Marston who funded the creation of the green that centered Hunt’s design. Marston Quadrangle, which took form between 1919 and 1923, was the first work of Ralph Cornell ’14, a graduate of Harvard School of Landscape Architecture and the first landscape architect to set up practice in Los Angeles. Subsequently, Marston also funded the landscaping of Carnegie Library.

In 1929, funds for Frary Hall, the Clark campus refectory, were provided by Marston; insisting on anonymity, he requested the hall be named for Lucien Frary, the congregational minister who had followed Charles Burt Sumner, Pomona’s first administrator, as pastor of Pilgrim Congregational Church in Pomona. And in 1930, it was Marston who made it possible to prepare the east end of the Quad for Bridges Auditorium (“Big Bridges”) given by Appleton Shaw Bridges, who had also donated Bridges Hall of Music (1915). The site chosen for the auditorium was, at the time, occupied by an unsightly heating plant, complete with tall smokestacks. This was removed and, at the same time, the original Renwick gymnasium moved farther east. Marston, who was a friend of the Bridges family, believed that: “Since this would inevitably be a very massive building it should have an ample foreground, and with Bridges Hall of Music the companion building nearby, a location east of the large open quadrangle framed in a vista and trees and shrubs seemed ideal.” Along the way, Marston also played a significant role as one of the initial trustees of the Claremont Colleges consortium, incorporated in 1925-6, supported the cost of improvements to Pearsons and Blaisdell halls, and donated land for Harper Hall at Claremont Graduate University.

Marston’s beneficence was not limited to Pomona College. In San Diego, he was instrumental in the preservation of pueblo land (1899) that later became Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve, and in commissioning a comprehensive plan for Balboa Park (1902). After unsuccessful bids to become Mayor (1913, 1917), he founded and presided as president of the Serra Museum in Presidio Park (1928), later donating park and museum to the City.

Marston retired as president of the Pomona College board in June 1936; named Honorary President, he remained an active trustee. On Founders Day 1937, the fiftieth anniversary of the College’s founding, Marston was honored, the presentation noting the “graciousness of spirit that has always distinguished him among his fellow men.”

George Marston died in 1946 at age 95. In his history of the College, E. Wilson Lyon wrote: “Mr. Marston was the embodiment of Pomona’s highest ideals, and he left an incomparable legacy to the college he loved so deeply.” Marston was recognized on Founders Day of that year, and in addition to spoken tributes, the College published a book in his honor titled the Education of George W. Marston, written by Professor Hubert Herring.

George Marston's Life Events

1887
Joins Pomona College’s original board of trustees. He is the first president of the board of trustees and remains an active member of the board for more than fifty years.
1899
With botanists David Cleveland and Belie Angler, persuades the San Diego City Council to pass an ordinance setting aside 364 acres of pueblo lands, which later become the Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve.
1902
Contributes funds to the San Diego Park Commission for a comprehensive plan for Balboa Park.
1905
Brings Mr. Cooke of Samuel Parsons and Company to visit the Pomona College campus and meet with the Executive Committee of the Board, leading to the purchase and development of The Woods and Blanchard Park sites (thereafter known as The Wash).
1907
Purchases Presidio Hill, which he privately develops as a park in order to preserve the site.
1910
Elected president of the Pomona College Board of Trustees.
1913
Unsuccessful candidate for mayor of San Diego against Charles F. O’Neill.
1917
Unsuccessful candidate for mayor of San Diego against Louis J. Wilde.
1919
Donates $100,000 to Pomona College for the formation and endowment of a central quadrangle.
1928
Founds and is first president of the Serra Museum in Presidio Park.
1929
Donates Presidio Park and the Serra Museum to the City of San Diego.
Donates land for Harper Hall at Claremont Graduate University.
1935
Donates for reconstruction of Pearsons Hall at Pomona College.
Donates for the building of Blaisdell Hall, a women’s residence hall at Pomona College.
1936
Retires as president of the Pomona College Board of Trustees, named Honorary President of the Board of Trustees.
1946
George Marston died at age 95 at his home in San Diego.

Extent

0.4 Linear Feet (1 document box)

Abstract

This collection contains correspondence between George Marston, a founding trustee of Pomona College, and Pomona College presidents, James Blaisdell, Charles Edmunds, and E. Wilson Lyon. Correspondence covers a variety of topics including board of trustee meetings, fundraising, and campus planning projects.

Organization and Arrangement

Folders are arranged chronologically by date range.

Physical Location

Please consult repository.

Provenance/Source of Acquisition

Transfer from Crookshank Vault, 2012.

Accruals

Additions to the collection are not anticipated.

Processing Information

Processed by Jamie Weber in 2012.
Title
George Marston Correspondence Collection
Status
Completed
Author
Jamie Weber and Marjorie Harth
Date
2014
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the 06 - Pomona College Archives Repository

Contact:
Special Collections, The Claremont Colleges Library
800 N. Dartmouth Avenue
Claremont CA 91711